Result of the research : 'werner'
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As a son of a German manufacturer and a Dutch mother spent Muensterberger a big part of his(its) infancy with his(its) grandmother in Haarlem, in the Netherlands. Together with Klaus Mann, son of Thomas Mann, he(it) visited in Germany also some years the ode forest school; he(it) spoke therefore from childhood German and Dutch.
Muensterberger took(accepted) a study of the medicine at the university of Heidelberg, however, changed after a term to Berlin to study there ethnology. Moreover, he(it) graduated an education in the psychoanalytic institute of the Berlin university.
The art collector, baron Eduard of the Heydt, a removed relative of his(its) mother, announced him with ethnographischer, African art. Muensterberger dedicated to him as thanks to his(its) work appeared in 1955 Sculpture of primitive One. By baron of the Heydt Muensterberger got to know the ethnologist Eckart von Sydow by whom he(it) visited of late lectures, which banker
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STRENGTH AND MEASUREMENT
The discovery of "primitive art": an art of strength
Shapes and shape functions
Deities and ancestors
The living wood
Force and Measurement
Develop an aesthetic of black Africa is seen as a risky business in many ways. Is it legitimate to isolate these objects, that today we call art, the general framework of their relations and their cultural constraints? Can we submit to a test that has never existed in the minds of their creators? And can we finally see in this art - if we 'take on this term - a uniform phenomenon, despite the wide variety of both regional and local styles we offer this huge continent, following lengthy Historical developments often poorly understood? Finally, remember that this approach excludes large regions, including Africa white, that is to say the Mediterranean area with its ancient history, the eastern and southern Africa whose pastoral peoples have given rise to cultures almost without images, and finally these hunting societies, which, even in our time have not passed the stage of evolution of prehistoric rock paintings which are the main evidence of an artistic production that appears at various points the continent. Similarly, we must exclude from our contribution to the aesthetics of black African art the old feudal societies, including Benin. Our discussion is therefore limited to large areas farmers, the true cradle of
FORCE ET MESURE
Elaborer une esthétique de l'Afrique noire apparaît comme une entreprise hasardeuse à bien des égards. Est-il légitime d'isoler ces objets, qu'aujourd'hui nous qualifions d'œuvres d'art, du cadre général de leurs relations et de leurs contraintes culturelles ? Peut-on les soumettre à un critère qui n'a jamais existé dans la pensée de leurs créateurs ? Et peut-on, enfin, voir dans cet art - si l'on s' en tient à ce terme - un phénomène uniforme, malgré la grande variété de styles tant régionaux que locaux que nous offre cet énorme continent, à la suite de longues évolutions historiques souvent mal connues ? Enfin, n'oublions pas que cette approche exclut de vastes régions, notamment l' Afrique blanche, c' est à dire la zone méditerranéenne avec son histoire millénaire ; l'Afrique orientale et méridionale dont les peuples de pasteurs ont donné naissance à des cultures pratiquement sans images ; et enfin ces sociétés de chasseurs, qui, encore à notre époque, n'ont pas dépassé le stade d'évolution de la préhistoire et dont les peintures rupestres constituent le principal témoignage d'une production artistique qui apparaît en divers points du continent. De même, il nous faut exclure de notre contribution à une esthétique de l'art d'Afrique noire les anciennes sociétés féodales, notamment le Bénin. Notre réflexion se borne donc aux vastes régions paysannes, véritable berceau de la sculpture sur bois.
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african art / art africain / primitive art / art primitif / arts
premiers / art gallery / art tribal / tribal art / l'oeil et la main /
galerie d'art premier / Agalom / Armand Auxiètre /
www.african-paris.com / www.agalom.com
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Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (July 12, 1884
– January 24, 1920) was an Italian artist of Jewish heritage, practicing both
painting and sculpture, who pursued his career for the most part in France.
Modigliani was born in Livorno (historically referred to in English as Leghorn), in
northwestern Italy and began his artistic studies in Italy before moving to
Paris in 1906. Influenced by the artists in his circle of friends and
associates, by a range of genres and art movements, and by primitive
art, Modigliani's œuvre was nonetheless unique and idiosyncratic.
He died in Paris of tubercular meningitis, exacerbated by
poverty, overworking, and an excessive use of alcohol and narcotics, at the age
Amedeo Modigliani was born into a Jewish family
at Livorno, in Tuscany.
Livorno was still a relatively new city, by Italian standards, in the late 19th
century. The Livorno that Modigliani knew was a bustling centre of commerce
focused upon seafaring and shipwrighting, but its cultural history lay in being
a refuge for those persecuted for their religion. His own maternal
great-great-grandfather was one Solomon Garsin, a Jew who had immigrated to
Livorno in the eighteenth century as a religious refugee.
Modigliani was the fourth child of Flaminio
Modigliani and his wife, Eugenia Garsin. His father was in the money-changing
business, but when the business went bankrupt, the family lived in dire
poverty. In fact, Amedeo's birth saved the family from certain ruin, as,
according to an ancient law, creditors could not seize the bed of a pregnant
woman or a mother