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 GALERIE ART PREMIER AFRICAIN GALERIE ART PRIMITIF AFRICAIN AFRICAN ART GALLERY

GALERIE ART PREMIER AFRICAIN GALERIE ART PRIMITIF AFRICAIN AFRICAN ART GALLERY

Art Gallery the Eye and the Hand
Situation : Welcome » Result of the research
Result of the research Result of the research : 'primitive'

CHAMBA

















african art / art africain / primitive art / art primitif / arts premiers / art gallery / art tribal / tribal art / Afrique / Africa / l'oeil et la main / galerie d'art premier / achat / vente / expertise / expert / exposition / exhibition / collection / collectionneur / Paris / oeuvre / Verneuil / antiquités / antiquaire / musée / museum / masque / mask / statue / sculpture / Agalom / Armand Auxiètre / www.african-paris.com / www.agalom.com
  Statues

Statue anthropomorphe Chamba
Statue anthropomorphe Chamba
€ 18,000.00
Hornbill mask, Gurunsi-Nuna, Burkina Faso
Hornbill mask, Gurunsi-Nuna, Burkina Faso
€ 4,500.00
Mask, Mumuye, Nigeria
Mask, Mumuye, Nigeria
€ 20,000.00
Female Kifwebe mask, Songye, Democratic Republic of Congo
Female Kifwebe mask, Songye, Democratic Republic of Congo
€ 12,000.00

AFRICAN SCULPTURE

Introduction
Context of African sculpture
Places of traditional African sculpture
Canons of African sculpture
Techniques and creative
Aesthetic
Role of African sculpture in the middle
Universal impact of African sculpture
Bibliographic


Introduction

Never has been written about as much ink as traditional African sculpture. Ever, despite all attempts, the man has managed to evacuate his mental field, much less its history, that is to say of his encounter with the other. It has been a cornerstone to measure the "civilization" of the black man and his ability to create capacity variously appreciated throughout history until early this century, cubism helping, the unanimously begins to make the exceptional nature of African sculpture that was always confused with African art which it is a party, probably the most important, if one were to judge solely by the number Parts created that we have reached.

Context of African sculpture

We can talk about African sculpture in isolation from the rest of the arts of Africa south of Sahara. Every word in this area is responsible not only meaningless but history, and if we chose the term "African art" is to fully assume all we have inherited from the past in

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Study on the sacred


Introduction
The sacred: the real paradigm
The flaw in the anthropological research of the sacred
The position of the African researcher
The inconsistency of the true-false paradigm of the irrational
The crucial importance of the event
Ancestor worship: in search of a definition
The premier event: the phenomenon agrarian
Biological Bases
The neurobiological underpinnings
Astronomical Foundations
Conclusion
Bibliography


Introduction


Welcome to this site dedicated to refuting the paradigm of the irrational use explicit about the facts of sacred archaic or traditional societies, and especially African societies.

As a member of these societies, the systematic use of the irrational as ultimate explanation of these facts is offensive and we might seem a lack of rigor in research.

In the approach to ethnology-anthropology there is always explicitly or implicitly begging the question that traditional societies through their culture could not produce something intellectually coherent. This profession of faith explains the systematic irrationality as an explanation of the ultimate sacred facts.

By irrational, what is heard is indeed something wrong, incoherent, that defies logic, in

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Texte de présentation extrait de l'ouvrage:
J. Kerchache, J-L. Paudrat, L. Stephan, L'Art Africain Jacques Kerchache, Citadelles, 1988

Sans méthode préalable, la passion de l'Afrique m'a propulsé au cœur du Gabon, m'a porté du Congo en Guinée équatoriale, de la Côte-d'Ivoire au Libéria, m'a conduit du Burkina Faso au Mali, de l'Éthiopie au Bénin, du Nigeria au Cameroun et de la Tanzanie au Zaïre. De ces expériences parfois difficiles, physiques certes, mais surtout intellectuelles et spirituelles, de ma participation à certaines cérémonies et à diverses manipulations d'objets, de mon immersion temporaire mais effective dans les cultes de l'ancienne Côte des Esclaves, je ne puis restituer aujourd'hui que des sensations, des impressions et je me garderai de toute affirmation.

Cependant, devant la sculpture africaine, il faut cesser d'avoir peur d'être profane et se laisser envahir par elle ; il faut s'en approcher, la fréquenter, se l'approprier, l'aimer. Lui offrir son temps, lui ouvrir sa sexualité, ses rêves, lui livrer sa mort, ses inhibitions, redécouvrir autre chose en soi. Sans lâcheté, ne pas hésiter à désacraliser, sans les rejeter, ses sources culturelles. Ne plus avoir cette taie sur l'œil et se laisser aller à la jouissance, se laisser gagner par la magie.

Même si nous ne pouvons contempler cette sculpture que par fragments, ceux-ci
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Présence Africaine

a forum, a movement, a network

Mezzanine East
Tuesday 10 November 2009 to Sunday, January 31, 2010
curated by Sarah-Frioux Salgas

African presence is the literary and cultural journal founded by Alioune Diop, the Senegalese intellectual in 1947, also became a publishing house from 1949. It was an outreach tool that has enabled black writers and intellectuals to assert their cultural identities and historical context that the colonial or denied "exoticizing.

This exhibition presents numerous books and archival documents, photographs and some objects. Sound recordings and audiovisual also occupy an important place: historical documents and interviews conducted specifically for this exhibition punctuate the route.

These give to see the emergence and influence of a movement, a forum for thought and demands of the black world at a time when much of the West had a distorted view, or derogatory.
route of exposure

The exhibition will feature four sections, preceded by an introductory sequence.
Exhibition opening

It is an object Dogon who happens to be the symbol of the journal, which will open the exhibition. It will present a brief review and the publishing house Présence Africaine, and to recall the relevance of such an exhibition today.

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Artists Abomey

dialogue on an African Kingdom

Mezzanine East
Tuesday 10 November 2009 to Sunday, January 31, 2010
Commission: Gaëlle Beaujean, head of collections Africa Branly

with the collaboration of Joseph Adande, art historian at the University of Abomey and Ahonon Leonard, manager and curator of the site of the royal palaces of Abomey


This exhibition presents 82 works through graphics and 8 elders, artists of the kingdom of Dahomey (1600-1894), in present-day Benin.

Its purpose is to present their works but also to question their role and status within society danhoméenne, and more specifically in the capital Abomey. Indeed, the artists chosen by the king, enjoyed great privileges while being constrained by their allegiance. The exhibition will explore their creations through the different functions of art in Abomey.

It is also to involve artists and families of artists in each type of objects presented. This new approach is the result of a research conducted by the research team, which resulted in an award-sometimes very finely certain objects.

The exhibition will last a double look at the works presented: the country of origin (through the participation of two scientists from Benin) and the French commissioner.
route of exposure

After an introductory space with an old map and a genealogy of the kings

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Art premier
    
Voir art premiers

Les expressions art premier ou art primitif (primitive art en anglais) sont employées pour désigner les productions artistiques des sociétés dites « traditionnelles », « sans écriture » ou « primitives ».

Elles sont controversées dans la mesure où elles traduisent une conception évolutionniste et ethnocentriste des sociétés humaines : les sociétés occidentales produiraient un « art abouti » s'opposant aux « arts premiers », qui seraient l'œuvre des peuples restés proches d'un état archaïque de l'humanité.

Si cette vision est largement remise en cause aujourd'hui, les expressions subsistent notamment dans les pays anglo-saxons. L'appellation « Musée des arts premiers », initialement envisagée, a été abandonnée pour désigner le Musée du quai Branly.

Les expressions « art sauvage » ou « art traditionnel » sont également utilisées, sans être entièrement satisfaisantes non plus.

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Mythology

The term "mythology" sometimes refers to the study of myths and sometimes refers to a body of myths. For example, comparative mythology is the study of connections between myths from different cultures, whereas Greek mythology is the body of myths from ancient Greece. The term "myth" is often used colloquially to refer to a false story;[4][5] however, the academic use of the term generally does not refer to truth or falsity.In the field of folkloristics, a myth is conventionally defined as a sacred narrative explaining how the world and humankind came to be in their present form.Many scholars in other academic fields use the term "myth" in somewhat different ways. In a very broad sense, the term can refer to any traditional story.

Nature of myths

Typical characteristics

The main characters in myths are usually gods or supernatural heroes. As sacred stories, myths are often endorsed by rulers and priests and closely linked to religion. In the society in which it is told, a myth is usually regarded as a true account of the remote past.[14][17][18][15] In fact, many societies have two categories of traditional narrative—(1) "true stories", or myths, and (2) "false stories", or fables.Myths generally take place in a primordial age, when the world had not yet achieved its current form.[14] They explain how the world gained its current form and how customs, institutions, and taboos were established.

Related
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Culture

Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate")[1] is a term that has different meanings. For example, in 1952, Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn compiled a list of 164 definitions of "culture" in Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions. However, the word "culture" is most commonly used in three basic senses:

    * excellence of taste in the fine arts and humanities, also known as high culture
    * an integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for symbolic thought and social learning
    * the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution, organization or group.

When the concept first emerged in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Europe, it connoted a process of cultivation or improvement, as in agriculture or horticulture. In the nineteenth century, it came to refer first to the betterment or refinement of the individual, especially through education, and then to the fulfillment of national aspirations or ideals. In the mid-nineteenth century, some scientists used the term "culture" to refer to a universal human capacity.

In the twentieth century, "culture" emerged as a concept central to anthropology, encompassing all human phenomena that are not purely results of human genetics.
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Anthropologie de l'art

L'anthropologie de l'art est une science sociale qui s'attachait historiquement à étudier les productions plastiques et picturales des sociétés humaines dites « traditionnelles », « sans écriture » ou « primitives ». À l'instar des autres disciplines connexes ou relevant de l'anthropologie (comme l'ethnologie et la sociologie), on assiste ces dernières décennies à un élargissement de son champ d'étude, et elle correspond plutôt aujourd'hui à une analyse culturelle et symbolique de la production artistique sous toutes ses formes.

L'anthropologie de l'art se distingue de la sociologie de l'art en ce sens qu'elle privilégie non pas la dimension économique, politique ou médiatique des productions artistiques, mais qu'elle étudie plutôt la signification que celles-ci peuvent prendre dans leur culture d'origine; elles ne sont pas non plus étudiées pour leur valeur intrinsèque, comme ce serait le cas dans une critique d'art.

La question de l'objet

L'anthropologie de l'art se trouve dès ses fondements confrontée à une question épistémologique simple : Qu'est ce que l'art ?

Après de nombreuses tentatives pour résoudre cette question, c'est Erwin Panofsky qui a finalement
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Ethnology

Ethnology (from the Greek ἔθνος, ethnos meaning "habit, custom, convention") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the origins, distribution, technology, religion, language, and social structure of the ethnic, racial, and/or national divisions of humanity.

Compared to ethnography, the study of single groups through direct contact with the culture, ethnology takes the research that ethnographers have compiled and then compares and contrasts different cultures. The term ethnology is credited to Adam Franz Kollár who used and defined it in his Historiae ivrisqve pvblici Regni Vngariae amoenitates published in Vienna in 1783. Kollár's interest in linguistic and cultural diversity was aroused by the situation in his native multi-lingual Kingdom of Hungary and his roots among its Slovaks, and by the shifts that began to emerge after the gradual retreat of the Ottoman Empire in the more distant Balkans.

Among the goals of ethnology have been the reconstruction of human history, and the formulation of cultural invariants, such as the incest taboo and culture change, and the formulation of generalizations about "human nature", a concept which has been criticized since the 19th century by various philosophers (Hegel, Marx, structuralism, etc.). In some parts of the world ethnology has developed along independent paths of investigation and pedagogical doctrine, with cultural anthropology becoming dominant especially in the United States, and social anthropology in Great Britain. The distinction between the three terms is increasingly blurry. Ethnology has been
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Primitive arts: political nomenclature or singular art?

Eugene Berg
Diplomat, former ambassador to Namibia, Botswana and Fiji. Author of 'Non-alignment and
New World Order '(PUF, 1980),' The International Politics since 1955 '(Economica, 1990) and' Chronology
internati''o''nale: 1945-1997 '(PUF, "Que sais-je?", 4th ed, 1997). Works since No. 19-20 to review work
made in the journal 'The Banquet'.

The inauguration of the Musée du Quai Branly, just as the opening
second France-Oceania summit, was a highlight of the cultural
quinquennium of Jacques Chirac. He will no doubt what would have been the Centre
Beaubourg Georges Pompidou, Musée d'Orsay for Valery Giscard
d'Estaing and Francois Mitterand National Library for. Expresses this
place that has done since its opening subject to real and sustained enthusiasm
People and challenges no less significant part of the community
scientific and museum? As written immediately Berenice
Geoffroy-Schneiter, this is "no accident that our west in search of
Spirituality landmarks and turns to these desperate travelers
the invisible. "

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Arts premiers, le temps de la reconnaissance

Par Marine Degli et Marie Mauzé. Collection Découvertes Gallimard. Ce livre analyse l'évolution du regard porté par l'Occident, du XVe siècle à nos jours, sur les sociétés "primitives" d'Afrique, d'Asie, d'Océanie et des Amériques.

D'abord longtemps tenues pour barbares, puis seulement comme des spécimens propres à situer les sociétés sur l'échellede l'évolution humaine, ces réalisations n'ont que récemment acquis le statut d'œuvres d'art.

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At a glance the Other


History of European eyes on Africa, America and Oceania

At a glance, and one devoted to successive visions brought by Europeans on the cultures of Africa, the Americas and Oceania. This program is a pretext to put into perspective by thematic series, the relativity of our eyes on the threshold of a new museum. Rather than return to the past, this catalog (and exhibition which is the source) marks a starting point.

From the Renaissance to today, the "idols of the Indians", "instruments of the natives," "primitive fetishes," "Negro Sculpture" or "first arts" were the witnesses of likes and dislikes, revealing reflections on otherness. The originality of this publication reflects historical depth that allows to include these objects in a broader history of art.

The Musée du Quai Branly appealed not only to works of other cultures, reflecting the first contacts with Europe, but also to European works within the midst of which they were placed. The catalog shows as well, in a strange series of chapters, how European eyes have gradually allowed other creations from, for example, curiosity amazed rankings systematic evolutionary wanderings of the images of the Universal.

Throughout the pages, the reader travels with the Nave of Charles V., Écouen treasure museum, portraits of Indians of Brazil painted in 1637 for the palace of the Prince of Nassau, rhinoceros horn cups Habsburg Pre-Columbian

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Ciwara


African chimeras

Masks, headdresses Ciwara are among the better known pieces of African art. Incomparable masterpieces cultures Bamana (Mali) and Senufo (Mali, Côte d'Ivoire), enigmatic and emblematic symbols of African art, clichés abound when talking about these famous head crests. There are few so-called traditional African sculptures which have aroused so much admiration from fans and collectors. This catalog is intended to fill this gap and provide a scientific focus on the subject. He cites the permeability of borders and artistic use of such objects do not come out only during agricultural rites but on several occasions during the year (entertainment, important ceremonies such as funerals, fight against bites snake, ...). It also highlights the richness of the museum, unique in international collections, with his fifty-five masks reproduced at the end of the book.
Description

96 pages format 20 x 26 cm

70 illustrations and 55 photos to the catalog raisonné

Maps

retail price: 25 €

isbn 2-915133-15-8 / 88-7439-318-0

Co-published Branly / 5 Continents
curator

Lorenz Homberger, Deputy Director of the Museum Rietberg, Zurich
authors

Jean-Paul Colleyn, study director at the EHESS

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Wassily Kandinsky

Birth name     Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky
Born     4 December 1866
Moscow
Died     13 December 1944 (aged 77)
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Nationality     Russian

Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Russian: Васи́лий Васи́льевич Канди́нский, Vasilij Vasil'evič Kandinskij; 4 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter, and art theorist. He is regarded as the founder of abstract art and is, moreover, the chief theoretician of this type of painting.Template:Fact quoted from "Kandinsky" by Burkhard Riemschneider  1994 Benedikt Taschen Verlag GmbH

Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow and chose to study law and economics. Quite successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat—he started painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30.

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Vassily Kandinsky (Vassili Vassilievitch Kandinski, en russe : Василий Васильевич Кандинский) est un peintre russe et un théoricien de l’art né à Moscou le 4 décembre 1866 et mort à Neuilly-sur-Seine le 13 décembre 1944.

Considéré comme l’un des artistes les plus importants du XXe siècle aux côtés notamment de Picasso et de Matisse, il est le fondateur de l'art abstrait : il est généralement considéré comme étant l’auteur de la première œuvre non figurative de l’histoire de l’art moderne, une aquarelle de 1910 qui sera dite "abstraite". Certains historiens ou critiques d'art ont soupçonné Kandinsky d'avoir antidaté cette aquarelle pour s'assurer la paternité de l'abstraction sous prétexte qu'elle ressemble à une esquisse de sa Composition VII de 1913[réf. souhaitée].

Kandinsky est né à Moscou mais il passe son enfance à Odessa. Il s'inscrit à l’Université de Moscou et choisit le droit et l’économie. Il décide de commencer des études de peinture (dessin d’après modèle, croquis et anatomie) à l’âge de 30 ans.

En 1896 il s’installe à Munich où il étudie à l’Académie des Beaux-Arts. Il retourne à Moscou en 1918 après la révolution russe. En conflit avec les théories officielles de l’art, il retourne en Allemagne en 1921. Il y enseigne au Bauhaus à partir de 1922

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Image Motherhoods

MOTHERHOODS

 

ART GALLERY L'OEIL ET LA MAIN

41 RUE DE VERNEUIL 75007 PARIS

 EXHIBITION FROM THE 4TH OF JUNE TO THE 30TH OF SEPTEMBER 2009

 WWW.AFRICAN-PARIS.COM


The image of the mother carrying her child is very present in Westerner imaginary, reflecting the importance of the woman not only in her wife role, but also as a mother. In addition to their social and economic importance, the African mothers also have a quasi-magic capacity. The birth is indeed regarded as a godsend, because this is the child who later will take care of his/her parents, become old, and will work for them as they worked for him. Moreover, in many cultures, the woman is often a priestess specialist in the rites and a person in charge of the worship, and many spirits are female ones. This fact partly explains the importance of the female image in the African sculpture. Although a child is raised by the members of the family extended, the link between him/her and his/her mother remains very strong, especially at the period of early childhood, the carved works presented at the time of this exhibition are a proof of that fact. Motherhood represents the female principle par excellence. But are african motherhoods statues of mother with child or statues of mother and child? Which are the relationships between the mother and the child in a sculpture of motherhood?

Very often mother and child do not set up a
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Image Regards noirs

The eyelids are lowered but the eye is not completely closed. This is thus not about a dream. But what can one see
well under these conditions? They say they look beyond, this world that we cannot see normally but which the mask
can contact. The people of Africa imagined the dances of the masks to try to regulate problems which emerged to
the alive ones because of the dissatisfaction of the spirits. The dancer is thus inhabited by the spirit that the
mask represents, and he translates it in its dance. The masks themselves are secondary even if we are struck by
their plastic quality and the extreme diversity of the forms, even in the same ethnic group. However similar
plastic solutions are rather largely found. Thus the half-closed eye is a feature that we can find in many corpus.
The previous exhibition of the gallery L'Oeil et la Main presented a whole of masks portraits of the Cameroon and
there the eyes were wide opened. The fact to show the personnality of a character, not a state of intercession,
justifies the use of realism if this is that of the caricature. Quite to the contrary, in the present exhibition
we've selected various masks where the treatment of the eyes - any round
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Qu’est-ce que les « arts premiers » ?
Expertise
jeudi 24 août 2006, par Nélia Dias

Source du document : Sciences Humaines
Auteur : Nélia Dias
Descriptif :

Sciences Humaines est un magazine de vulgarisation scientifique spécialisé dans les sciences de l’homme et de la société, qui existe depuis 1991.

Si la notion d’« arts premiers » n’est pas inscrite aujourd’hui au fronton du musée du Quai-Branly, c’est que de « premier » à « primitif », il n’y avait qu’un mauvais pas à franchir. Or un « musée des cultures du monde » ne peut plus être celui d’un regard colonial dépassé (Hors-Série n°3 de Sciences Humaines, juin 2006)
Nélia Dias est Professeur à l’Institut des sciences du travail et de l’entreprise de Lisbonne, elle a publié notamment « Ethnographie, arts et arts premiers : la question des désignations » (in collectif, Les Arts premiers, fondation Calouste-Gulbenkian, 2003)

Depuis une dizaine d'années, on assiste en France à un engouement nouveau mais controversé pour les « arts premiers », qui se manifeste dans les sphères de la presse, de l'édition, sur les rayons des librairies de musées, comme au Louvre, dans les ventes aux enchères et les expositions [1] .

D'où vient cet intérêt récent pour les arts non occidentaux ? Que recouvre la désignation « arts premiers » ? Comment expliquer ce que l'historien de l'art Ernst Gombrich appelait une « préférence pour le primitif [2] [2]  » ? Entraîne-t-elle le rejet de quelque
See the continuation... ]

Qu’est-ce que les « arts premiers » ?
Expertise
jeudi 24 août 2006, par Nélia Dias

Source du document : Sciences Humaines
Auteur : Nélia Dias
Descriptif :

Sciences Humaines est un magazine de vulgarisation scientifique spécialisé dans les sciences de l’homme et de la société, qui existe depuis 1991.


Si la notion d’« arts premiers » n’est pas inscrite aujourd’hui au fronton du musée du Quai-Branly, c’est que de « premier » à « primitif », il n’y avait qu’un mauvais pas à franchir. Or un « musée des cultures du monde » ne peut plus être celui d’un regard colonial dépassé (Hors-Série n°3 de Sciences Humaines, juin 2006)
Nélia Dias est Professeur à l’Institut des sciences du travail et de l’entreprise de Lisbonne, elle a publié notamment « Ethnographie, arts et arts premiers : la question des désignations » (in collectif, Les Arts premiers, fondation Calouste-Gulbenkian, 2003)


Depuis une dizaine d'années, on assiste en France à un engouement nouveau mais controversé pour les « arts premiers », qui se manifeste dans les sphères de la presse, de l'édition, sur les rayons des librairies de musées, comme au Louvre, dans les ventes aux enchères et les expositions [1] .

D'où vient cet intérêt récent pour les arts non occidentaux ? Que recouvre la désignation « arts premiers » ? Comment expliquer ce que l'historien de l'art Ernst Gombrich appelait une « préférence pour le primitif [2] [2]  » ? Entraîne-t-elle le rejet de quelque alternative
See the continuation... ]

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