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 GALERIE ART PREMIER AFRICAIN GALERIE ART PRIMITIF AFRICAIN AFRICAN ART GALLERY

GALERIE ART PREMIER AFRICAIN GALERIE ART PRIMITIF AFRICAIN AFRICAN ART GALLERY

Art Gallery the Eye and the Hand
Situation : Welcome » Result of the research
Result of the research Result of the research : 'divination'

 
 
Pol Pierre Gossiaux
 
Titulaire de la Chaire
d’Anthropologie des systèmes symboliques
et d’Ethnosémiologie de l’Art africain
Université de Liège (Belgium)
 
PP.Gossiaux@ulg.ac.be
 
 
 
 
 
Le Bwame  du Léopard
des
Babembe  (Kivu-Congo)
 
Rituel initiatique et rituel funéraire
 
Avec 52 illustrations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
          2
     
 
 
 
Table des matières (1ère partie)
 
 
 
 
 
Avant dire. Présentation du Bwamè                                    
 
 
3
Fondements de l’anthropologie
et de l’ethnosémiologie bembe
 
10
Exorciser l’animal
 
Fondements du savoir bembe
 
 
15
Les animaux et la titulature du Bwamè
       
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African Art on the Internet
 
 
 
15th Triennial Symposium on African Art, Arts Council of the African Studies Association, 2011, Wednesday, March 23 - Saturday, March 26, 2011, UCLA, Los Angeles, California
http://www.acasaonline.org/conf_next.htm
Addis Art - Ethiopian Art and Artists Page
Contemporary Ethiopian art and artists - paintings, sculptures and digital art work by students and professionals from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. University instructor, Getahun Assefa's paintings, drawings, sculpture, digital art. Also work by his brother, Tesfaye Assefa. Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. [KF] http://www.addisart.com/
Addis Art - Nouveau Art from Ethiopia
Artists include Shiferaw Girma and Lulseged Retta. Photographs of each artist's work, a biography, and video. Founded by Mesai Haileleul. [KF] http://www.addis-art.com/
Adire African Textiles - Duncan Clarke
History, background, and photographs of adire, adinkra, kente, bogolan, Yoruba aso-oke, akwete, ewe, kuba, and nupe textiles. The symbolism of images is often provided. One can purchase textiles as well. Clarke's Ph.D. dissertation (School of Oriental and African Studies) is on Yoruba men's weaving. See also the Adire African Textiles blog. Based in London. http://www.adireafricantextiles.com/
Afewerk Tekle
"Ethiopia’s leading artist." Biography, his paintings, sculptures, mosaics, murals, art in the artist's home. Afewerk created the stained-glass windows at the entrance of Africa Hall, headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. "In 1964, he became the first winner of the Haile Selassie I prize for Fine Arts." "In 2000, he was one of the few chosen World Laureates by the council of the ABI on the occasion of the 27th
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Image Recettes des dieux : Esthétique du fétiche
SNOEP Nanette Jacomijn
Recettes des dieux : Esthétique du fétiche
Détails sur le produit: - Broché: 61 pages - Editeur: Actes Sud (9 février 2009) - Collection: BEAUX LIVRES 
Langue: Français - ISBN-10: 2742781862 - ISBN-13: 978-2742781867
 
Descriptions du produit - Présentation de l'éditeur.
Enchevêtrements de cordes, petits tas innommables, accumulations d'éléments hétéroclites qui subliment toute représentation figurative, tels sont les objets de divination africains présentés dans cet ouvrage. Ces figures de l'informe, faites de matériaux souvent périssables et incontrôlables, peuvent être perçues parfois comme repoussantes et étranges. Elles évoquent une esthétique de l'effroi que suscite le chaos, la crainte associée au désordre du monde. Ce catalogue invite à les regarder autrement, car, bien plus familières qu'on ne le suppose au premier abord, elles ne parlent pas d'autre chose que de la vie et des innombrables fils de l'existence, qui ne cessent de se nouer et de se défaire. Il ne sera donc pas question de rendre un quelconque hommage à une Afrique mystérieuse et fétichiste, mais d'honorer la créativité humaine et la variété des formes qu'elle sait emprunter et qui nous étonnent toujours et
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Image Chokwe: Art and Initiation Among Chokwe and Related Peoples
JORDAN Manuel
Chokwe: Art and Initiation Among Chokwe and Related Peoples
 
Détails sur le produit: Broché: 191 pages Editeur: Prestel; Édition: illustrated edition (1 November 1998) Langue: Anglais - ISBN-10: 3791319973 - ISBN-13: 978-3791319971
 
Descrizione libro: Magnificently loaded with elegant plates of ceremonial and tribal objects from the Chokwe tribe and others in Angola, this exhibition catalog accompanies a show originating at the Birmingham Museum of Art in Alabama; editor Jordàn, who spent more than two years with the Chokwe and related tribes, is the museum's curator. The objects are mostly carved wood, but their polished, stylized vision of people and nature and the variety and especially the depth of feeling in masks raise them far above craft. The pieces are shown alone, as in a museum exhibit, with art stressed more than anthropology. To remedy this, seven scholarly articles by authorities on the Chokwe appear throughout, along with photos of native life. While this puts into context objects like whistles, thrones, and the intriguing divination baskets full of tiny magical charms, it has a somewhat choppy effect. One of a series of books on African art by Prestel (e.g., African Art from the Han Corey Collection, LJ 6/15/98), this covers a seldom-visited area rich in heritage. For larger art-oriented and college libraries.AGay W. Neale, Southside Virginia Community Coll. Lib.,
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Image ANGOLA FIGURES DE POUVOIR
FALGAYRETTES-LEVEAU Christiane, GUTIERREZ Manuel, WASTIAU Boris, JORDAN Manuel, COLLECTIF (Auteur)
 
ANGOLA FIGURES DE POUVOIR
 
Détails sur le produit:
 
Relié: 309 pages - Editeur: Editions Dapper (20 octobre 2010) - Collection: H.C. 
Langue: Français - ISBN-10: 2915258295 - ISBN-13: 978-2915258295 
FALGAYRETTES-LEVEAU Christiane, GUTIERREZ Manuel, WASTIAU Boris, JORDAN Manuel, COLLECTIF: 
ANGOLA FIGURES DE POUVOIR
Descriptions du produit: Présentation de l'éditeur - Biographie de l'auteur
 
 
 
 
 
Descriptions du produit:
 
 
 
Présentation de l'éditeur
 
 
Cet ouvrage d'envergure permet d'accéder au patrimoine artistique de l'Angola. Les oeuvres reproduites, d'une qualité plastique souvent exceptionnelle, témoignent de pratiques cultuelles et esthétiques, mais aussi de contacts, de rencontres et de liens entre divers peuples. Après une introduction générale de Christiane Falgayrettes-Leveau, les meilleurs spécialistes résument ici l'essentiel de leurs connaissances. Manuel Gutierrez fournit une synthèse des perspectives actuelles sur la préhistoire et l'archéologie, tandis que l'histoire ancienne, avec les structures étatiques, la traite négrière et la colonisation portugaise, est évoquée par Maria Alexandra Miranda Aparicio, qui aborde également l'indépendance, la guerre civile et la reconstruction du pays.
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Image THE HORSE RIDER IN AFRICAN ART
CHEMECHE George 
 
THE HORSE RIDER IN AFRICAN ART
 
 
Détails sur le produit:
Relié: 384 pages - Dimensione: 240 x 35 x 280 mm - Editeur: ANTIQUE COLLECTORS' CLUB Editions (29 juin 2011) - Langue: Anglais 
ISBN-10: 1851496343 - ISBN-13: 978-1851496341
CHEMECHE George - THE HORSE RIDER IN AFRICAN ART
Descriptions du produit
 
 
 
 
 
Descriptions du produit:
 
 
Note Libraio: 
Horses are very rare in Africa. The few to be found west of Sudan, from the lands of the Sahara and Sahel down to the fringes of the tropical forests, belong to the king, the chief warrior and to notable persons. Due to the dense humidity of the tropical rainforest and the deadly tsetse fly, only restricted numbers of horses survive. And yet rider and mount sculptures are common among the Dogon, Djenne, Bamana, Senufo and the Yoruba people. The Akan - Asante people of Ghana and the Kotoko of Chad produced a good deal of small casting brass and bronze sculptures. Some of the artists could barely even have caught a glimpse of a horse. This visually stunning book presents a wealth of African art depicting the horse and its rider in a variety of guises, from Epa masks and Yoruba divination cups to Dogon sculptures and Senufo carvings. In Mali, the Bamana, Boso and Somono ethnic groups still celebrate the festivals of the puppet masquerade. The final chapter of this book is dedicated to the art and cult of these festivals, which are still alive and well. It is not the habit of the African artist to provide intellectual statements for his work, yet his unique creative dynamic and far-searching vision does not conflict with that of
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Image REGARDS SUR LES DOGON DU MALI
BEDAUX Rogier et VAN DER WAALS Diderik
 
REGARDS SUR LES DOGON DU MALI
 
Détails sur le produit:
 
Rijksmuseum / Snieck, 2004. Couverture rigide. très bel ouvrage sur les Dogon, proposant une vue d'ensemble du patrimoine culturel des Dogon: leur art, leur culture matèrielle, leur architecture et leur histoire. - ISBN 9789053494219
BAY G. Edna
Asen, Ancestors, and Vodun: Tracing Change in African Art
Détails sur le produit: Relié: 188 pages - Editeur: University of Illinois Press (15 avril 2008) - Langue: Anglais 
ISBN-10: 0252032551 - ISBN-13: 978-0252032554
Descrizione libro: Asen, metal sculptures of southern Benin, West Africa, are created to honour the dead and are meant to encourage interaction between visible and spiritual worlds in ancestral rites associated with the belief system known as vodun. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in the former Kingdom of Dahomey, Bay traces more than 150 years of transformations in the manufacture and symbolic meanings of asen against the backdrop of a slave-raiding monarchy, domination by French colonialism, and postcolonial political and social change. Bay expertly reads evidence of the area's turbulent history through analysis of asen motifs as she describes the diverse influences affecting the process of asen production from the point of their probable invention to their current decline in use. Paradoxically, asen represent a sacred African art form, yet are created using European materials and technologies and are embellished with figures drawn from tourist production. Bay's meticulously researched artistic and historical study is a fascinating Présentation de l'éditeur
 
Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leyde. Gand: Editions Snoeck,
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Full text, digitalised by Lies Strijker and presented by the .Centre Aequatoria
Notes on the digitalisation and presentation


[Cover]

[1: empty]

[2]
IMPRIMI POTEST
Kanzenze, 12-2-1952
P. Simeon, o.m.f.
Sup. Reg.

IMPRIMATUR
Luabo-Kamina, 30-5-1952
+VICTOR PETRUS KEUPPENS
Vic. Ap. de Lulua


[3]

BANTU PHILOSOPHY
by
The Revd. Father PLACIDE TEMPELS

(Translated into English from "La Philosophie Bantoue" the French Version by Dr. A. Rubbens of Fr. Tempels' original work. The Revd. Colin King, M.A. Translator.)

With a Foreword to the English Edition by Dr Margaret Read, C.B.E.Ph. D.,M.A., formerly Professor of Education and Head of the Department Of Education in Tropical Areas, The

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Les Statues meurent aussi est un documentaire-court métrage français réalisé par Chris Marker, Alain Resnais et Ghislain Cloquet sorti en 1953. Conseiller artistique : Charles Ratton.

Il fut commandité par la revue panafricaine Présence africaine. Partant de la question « Pourquoi l’art nègre se trouve-t-il au musée de l’Homme alors que l’art grec ou égyptien se trouve au Louvre ? », les deux réalisateurs dénoncent le manque de considération pour l'art africain dans un contexte de colonisation. Le film est censuré en France pendant huit ans en raison de son point de vue

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The Luba


The Luba Empire was founded in 1585, in the depression of the Upemba by King Kongholo, his nephew and successor Llunga Kalala, enlarges rapidly until the kingdom territory on the left bank of the River Lualaba. At the height of the kingdom more than a million people live in tribes, various paid tribute to King Luba. At the end of XIX with DVANCED Ovimbudu of Angola and the raids of slave traders Islamic empire s'affiblit and collapsed when the Belgian colonists arrived.

The economy lm'empire Luba came from payment of tribute and redistribution of resources from agriculture, fishing and hunting, and mining.

Luba artists have created many objects related to the activity of the court, the prestige objects were usually decorated with female figures everywhere in Luba art. Because of the huge area covered by the empire there are wide variations in the corpus stylistic art Luba.


Masks:


Luba masks rare, are found mainly in the eastern part of the empire. One type of mask Luba, very similar to the masks of kifwebe Songye but has more rounded features. There are very few zoomorphic masks.


Statues:


Luba artists have sculpted female statues standing or kneeling Mboko called, cleverly taking a cut, and who served during the ceremonies of divination. The statues stand uncommon, and probably representing the forest spirits or ancestors are covered with a

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Image Gouro

Guro


Living among the Baule and Yaure west, the Malinke north and south wé and Bete. The Guro live in an area covered by savannah and forest. They migrated from the north during the XVI and is now number two hundred thousand, they were called but when Kweni were colonized between 1906 and 1912 the French invaders, gave them the name of Guro. Guro villages consist of round houses in the north and rectangular in the south. Each village is governed by a council of elders, representing each family, and secret societies. The Guru mainly grow cotton, rice, coffee and cocoa, men and women involved clearing plantations.

The Guro Art is an art and elegant masks consists mainly of elongated figures with a concave profile and almond eyes.


Masks:


Different types of masks can be noticed. In the western part of the country Guro masks have a pointed chin, a protruding mouth, almond-shaped eyes bulging and a high forehead sometimes decorated with scarification. They have an apotropaic function but are also worn by executioners during executions.

The southern style is influenced by that of the neighboring tribe, the Bete. Their masks are identifiable, thanks to their more naturalistic features, their scars on his forehead, triangular noses and eyes surrounded by incised scarification, they are sometimes called masks Guro-Bete

Another type of mask found in this region, has a bulging forehead, a snub nose

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Image baga

45000 Baga, live along the coast of Guinea Bissau in villages divided into two and four districts, themselves subdivided into 5 and 6 clans. According to tradition each village is headed by the oldest members of each clan were meeting in secret. Nowadays this system has been replaced by a mayor elected from each village.

The Baga worship a single god called Kanu assisted by a male spirit, Somtup, and a female spirit-A bowl. A spirit often represented by a snake, watch over the lower ranks of society to-Lom responsible for initiation rites.

The first sculptures Baga appeared in the West during the 50s, the impact of Islamization, and the abandonment of traditional rites and beliefs, the Western traders allowed to export the masks and headdresses Baga statues. Nowadays Baga trying to restore their culture with the help of their elders, they recreate ceremonies and celebrations that punctuated their traditional life.

Masks:

The mask is the most famous Baga Nimba called, is a mask shoulder supported by four pillars, it has large breasts, a large head with semi-circular ears, a chin and a pointy nose. He appeared at weddings, births, ceremonies related to crops and more generally in the ceremonies connected with joyful events. Two styles of Nimba masks have been identified, the first best known in the West has a concave face, whereas the second has a convex face.

The crest known as: Ziringen Wonde, was worn by dancers during ceremonies marking the end of the periods of initiation of girls,

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Les Dogons sont un peuple du Mali, en Afrique de l'Ouest. Leur population totale au Mali est estimée à 700 000 personnes[1]. Ils occupent la région, nommée Pays Dogon, qui va de la falaise de Bandiagara au sud-ouest de la boucle du Niger. Quelques Dogons sont installés dans le nord du Burkina Faso, d'autres se sont installés en Côte d'Ivoire.

Les Dogons sont avant tout des cultivateurs (essentiellement du mil) et des forgerons. Ils sont réputés pour leur cosmogonie et leurs sculptures. La langue parlée par les Dogons est le dogon qui regroupe plusieurs dialectes. Il existe aussi une langue secrète, le sigi so, langue réservée à la société des masques. Les Dogons sont liés avec l’ethnie des Bozos par la parenté à plaisanterie. Dogons et Bozos se moquent réciproquement, mais parallèlement se doivent assistance.
Sommaire

Histoire

Les Dogons seraient venus du Mandé, région située au sud-ouest du Mali au XIVe siècle pour éviter l'islamisation.[2]), le plateau (région de Sangha) et la plaine.[3] Ils se seraient installés à Kani Bonzon avant de se disperser sur trois sites que sont la Falaise de Bandiagara (site mis en 2003 sur la liste mondiale du patrimoine de l'UNESCO. Cette falaise était alors habitée par les Tellem, portant aussi le nom de kurumba. D'après les Dogons, les Bana ont précédé les Tellem. Même s'ils ont longtemps subi la domination des divers peuples ayant créé de grands empires ou royaumes, les Dogons ont toujours su conserver leur indépendance à cause de la difficulté

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Image Mumuye

Exposition « Mumuye »

 

ART GALLERY L'OEIL ET LA MAIN

41 RUE DE VERNEUIL 75007 PARIS

 EXPOSITION DU 2 NOVEMBRE AU 6 DECEMBRE 2009

 WWW.AFRICAN-PARIS.COM


 

Le Nigéria demeure l'un des pays africains les plus dynamiques en matière de production artistique, et ce dans tous les domaines. C'est à la sculpture nigériane et à ses artistes que la galerie L'Oeil et la Main a choisi de rendre hommage, à travers l'exposition "Mumuye". C'est
une vision à la fois globale et diversifiée de l'esthétique mumuye qui est proposée aux visiteurs et aux collectionneurs, à travers la présentation d'une quinzaine de pièces d'une grande qualité plastique.

Le groupe ethnique des Mumuye est situé au Nord-Est du Nigéria et se compose de sept sous-groupes aux coutumes et aux croyances distinctes. Leur origine commune se situerait, selon la tradition orale, plus au Sud du pays. Du fait de la difficulté d'accès à leurs territoires, les Mumuye ont longtemps été préservé de toute influence extérieure, jusqu'à leur soumission définitive aux Anglais dans les années 1950. En effet leur premier contact avec les Européens date de 1892, quand ils prêtèrent main forte au Jukun dans leur lutte contre les Fulani, eux-mêmes armés par les Français.

Les Mumuye vouent un culte au Vabo, c'est à dire aux divinités intermédiaires agissant entre les êtres humains et le dieu suprême La, associé au soleil. La statuaire mumuye a connu un grand succès parmi les amateurs d'art africain

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Primitive arts: political nomenclature or singular art?

Eugene Berg
Diplomat, former ambassador to Namibia, Botswana and Fiji. Author of 'Non-alignment and
New World Order '(PUF, 1980),' The International Politics since 1955 '(Economica, 1990) and' Chronology
internati''o''nale: 1945-1997 '(PUF, "Que sais-je?", 4th ed, 1997). Works since No. 19-20 to review work
made in the journal 'The Banquet'.

The inauguration of the Musée du Quai Branly, just as the opening
second France-Oceania summit, was a highlight of the cultural
quinquennium of Jacques Chirac. He will no doubt what would have been the Centre
Beaubourg Georges Pompidou, Musée d'Orsay for Valery Giscard
d'Estaing and Francois Mitterand National Library for. Expresses this
place that has done since its opening subject to real and sustained enthusiasm
People and challenges no less significant part of the community
scientific and museum? As written immediately Berenice
Geoffroy-Schneiter, this is "no accident that our west in search of
Spirituality landmarks and turns to these desperate travelers
the invisible. "

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Masks

The viewing of masks is often restricted to certain peoples or places, even when used in performance, or masquerade. African masks manifest spirits of ancestors or nature as well as characters that are spiritual and social forces. During a masquerade, which is performed during ceremonial occasions such as agricultural, initiation, leadership and funerary rites, the mask becomes the otherworld being. When collected by Western cultures, masks are often displayed without their costume ensemble and lack the words, music and movement, or dance, that are integral to the context of African masquerades. Visually, masks are often a combination of human and animal traits. They can be made of wood, natural or man-made fibers, cloth and animal skin. Masks are usually worn with costumes and can, to some extent, be categorized by form, which includes face masks, crest masks, cap masks, helmet masks, shoulder masks, and fiber and body masks. Maskettes, which are shaped like masks, are smaller and are not worn on or over the face. They may be worn on an individual’s arm or hip or hung on a fence or other structure near the performance area.

Sculpture

The cultures of Africa have created a world-renowned tradition of three-dimensional and relief sculpture. Everyday and ceremonial works of great delicacy and surface detail are fashioned by artists using carving, modeling, smithing and casting techniques. Masks, figures, musical instruments, containers, furniture, tools and equipment are all part of the sculptor’s repertoire. The human figure is perhaps the most prominent sculptural form in Africa, as it has been for millennia. Male and female images in wood, ivory, bone, stone, earth, fired clay, iron and copper alloy embody cultural values, depict the ideal and represent spirits, ancestors and deities. Used in a broad range of contexts--initiation, healing, divination,
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Tangle of ropes, accumulation of disparate elements, small heaps unspeakable, are the objects of divination in Africa in this book. These figures of the formless, sometimes perceived as loathsome and strange, are much more familiar we suppose at first, and do not speak of anything but life and countless son's existence, which continue to establish and discard. It is not that of any tribute to Africa and mysterious fetish, but to honor human creativity and variety of forms it knows borrow.

Exposure. Musée du Quai Branly (2009) Recipes of the Gods: the fetish aesthetic Actes Sud € 19.90
Group under the leadership of Jacques Kerchache African Art & Citadels Mazenod € 199.00
Faik-Nzuji, Clementine M. African Arts: signs and symbols boeck From € 42.00
Collective Imprints of Africa: African Art, Modern Art Workshop € 9.91
Basson, Mbog Aesthetics of African Art: The Symbolic and complexity Harmattan € 21.00
Diagne, Souleymane Bachir Leopold Sedar Senghor, African art as philosophy: an essay Riveneuve € 15.00
Exposure. Afrikamuseum (2007-2008) Ubangi, art and culture in the heart of South Africa Acts € 99.95
Alain Lecomte art, magic and medicine in Black Africa Gallery Alain Lecomte € 35.00
Exposure. Dapper Foundation (2007-2008) Musée Dapper Pet € 45.00
Exposure.

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2
3
SOMMAIRE
-Parcours des Mondes 6 ème Édition, Édito p.4
- Quelques mots sur le Marché de l’art p.6
-Liste des galeries participantes : p.8
-Présentation des Participants p.9
www.parcours-des-mondes. com
4
Parcours des Mondes, l’incontournable rendez-vous des
arts d’Afrique, des Amériques, d’Asie et d’Océanie, se tiendra à Paris
du 12 au 16 septembre 2007.
Vernissage le 11 septembre de 14 à 21 heures
Parcours des Mondes a sélectionné pour sa 6ème édition 53 marchands parmi les plus grands spécialistes
internationaux, tous réunis au coeur du quartier de Saint-Germain-des-Prés à Paris, du 12 au 16
septembre 2007. Ce rendez-vous parisien est désormais l’un des temps forts incontournables du
calendrier international du marché des arts d’Afrique, des Amériques, d’Asie et d’Océanie. Année
après année, les collectionneurs, les connaisseurs, les amateurs et les professionnels du monde entier (des
États-Unis, du Canada, d’Australie, mais aussi des pays européens comme l’Allemagne, l’Autriche,
l’Italie, la Suisse ou le Royaume-Uni) font le déplacement pour l’événement, enthousiasmés par la
richesse, la diversité et la qualité des oeuvres proposées, qui font la réputation du Parcours des Mondes
depuis sa création.
Pour cette nouvelle édition, le Parcours des Mondes s’enrichit de nouveaux venus : il accueille pour
l’art africain Charles-Wesley Hourdé (Art d’Afrique et d’Océanie) ; Sam Fogg (art d’Éthiopie et

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African traditional religion

African traditional religions, also referred to as African indigenous religions or African tribal religions, is a term referring to a variety of religions indigenous to the continent of Africa. Like tribal religions from other parts of the world, African religious traditions are defined largely along community lines.

Traditional African religions involve teachings, practices, and rituals that lend structure to indigenous African societies. These traditional African religions also play a large part in the cultural understanding and awareness of the people of their communities.


African Traditional Religion and Language

Most traditional African religions have, for most of their existence, been orally/spiritually (rather than scripturally) transmitted. Thus, linguistic experts such as Christopher Ehret and Placide Tempels have applied their knowledge of languages towards reconstructing the original core beliefs of the followers of these traditions. The four linguistic phylums spoken in Africa are: Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and Khoi-San.

Afro-Asiatic Spirituality

According to linguist Christopher Ehret, traditional religion among Afro-Asiatic-speaking (Afrasan) peoples was originally henotheistic in nature. In this sense, each clan gave
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Le collectionnisme renvoie, chez les aristocrates puis les personnes fortunées, à un hobby visant à établir des collections d'objets d'art.
L'accumulation ostentatoire d'objets d'art observée pour les aristocrates de la botte italienne pendant les diverses phases de la Renaissance artistique, goût pour le prestige et preuve de bonne fortune qui s'est propagé pour tous les Grands des cours d'Europe. Cette propension à l'accumulation confinant au goût du lucre est particulièrement observable pour le cardinal de Rome Scipion Borghèse, qui notoirement utilisa ses pouvoirs pour faire enfermer des propriétaires de belles peintures qu'il convoitait, afin de mettre la main sur leurs collections. À Florence, le trait commun aux membres de la Maison de Médicis fut des siècles durant le collectionnisme, tout comme la cynégétique fut celui des Capétiens ; ainsi Léopold de Médicis qui collectionna une série importante d'autoportraits qui se trouve dans le corridor de Vasari.

Une collection est à la fois un regroupement d'objets correspondant à un thème, et l'activité qui consiste à réunir, entretenir et gérer ce regroupement.
Il peut s'agir d'un loisir : la personne qui constitue et stocke la collection est alors un collectionneur. Ce peut aussi être une profession, celle de conservateur : conservateur de musée (collections d'œuvres d'art, d'objets rares ou anciens), conservateur de bibliothèque ou d'archive (fonds regroupant des
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